Question: How Did Athens Develop?

Who ruled Athens?

Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy.

The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws.

The people of Athens chose their ruler..

Did Athens have written laws?

Athenian laws are typically written in the form where if an offense is made, then the offender will be punished according to said law, thus they are more concerned with the legal actions which should be undertaken by the prosecutor, rather than strictly defining which acts are prosecutable.

What is the rule of law in ancient Greece?

The Rule of Law is a principle established in ancient Greece that holds all people and organizations accountable to the same set of laws. It has had a profound effect on civilizations across the world.

How were laws created in Athens?

Athenians in the 4th century were governed by laws (nomoi or nomos, νόμος, in the singular) and decrees (psephismata, or psephisma, ψήφισμα, in the singular). Decrees were passed by a vote of the Assembly, of the Council, or both. Laws came into being by a more complicated process. Laws took precedence over Decrees.

Did Athens fall to Persian?

Athens thus fell to the Persians; the small number of Athenians who had barricaded themselves on the Acropolis were eventually defeated, and Xerxes then ordered the destruction of Athens.

What caused the downfall of Athens?

Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) Resentment by other cities at the hegemony of Athens led to the Peloponnesian War in 431, which pitted Athens and her increasingly rebellious sea empire against a coalition of land-based states led by Sparta. The conflict marked the end of Athenian command of the sea.

How was Athens developed?

According to the tradition, Athens was founded, when the king Theseus united in a state several settlements of Attica. The last king of ancient Athens was Kodros, who sacrificed his life in order to save the homeland. Later came to power the nobles (wealthy landowners).

How did Greece develop?

The Greeks civilization developed from geographic features that ensured its success. The two primary geographic factors were the access to the seas and the mountains. The mountainous landscape forced Greeks to develop independent city-states because groups of the population were separated.

Who made laws in ancient Athens?

The Law in Ancient Greece. The traditions of Athens and Sparta say that the laws were given to them by Solon and Lycurgus, legendary figures who served as leaders of their city-states long ago. The two traditions agree that the laws are made by the Assembly and approved by the Senate.

Why did Athens want Melos?

The Siege of Melos occurred in 416 BC during the Peloponnesian War, which was a war fought between Athens and Sparta. … Athens invaded Melos in the summer of 416 BC and demanded that the Melians surrender and pay tribute to Athens or face annihilation. The Melians refused, so the Athenians laid siege to their city.

What made Athens powerful?

Athens developed democratic institutions and a culture of philosophy, science, and culture; it emerged as a powerful state and allied with other city-states, forming the Delian League. Resistance to Athens’ power among the other Greek city-states, particularly Sparta, prompted the Peloponnesian War.

What made Athens so rich?

Nevertheless, Athens maintained its naval and trade supremacy, enabling it to not only win key battles but also its wealth that fueled its ability to keep its allies and armies able to control large areas in Greece and beyond, including on the Western coast of Anatolia.

Who destroyed Athens?

Xerxes IThe Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.

Is Athens older than Rome?

Athens is seriously old having been founded somewhere between 3000 and 5000 years BC. However Ancient Rome didn’t spring into life until at least a couple of millennia after the heyday of the great early civilisations in Greece and Egypt.

What was Athens known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.