Quick Answer: Why Was Acropolis Built On A Hilltop?

What Greek temple was built on Acropolis overlooking the city of Athens?

The ParthenonThe Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C.

during the height of the ancient Greek Empire.

Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens..

How were slaves treated in Greece?

Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.

What percentage of ancient Athens were slaves?

30 and 40 percentHistorians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves. Even the poorest families owned at least one slave with some wealthy families owning hundreds.

What caused Athens to lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons.

Why was the Acropolis built on higher ground?

An acropolis is an area of high ground. In ancient Greece, many cities were built around an acropolis. It was easier to defend high ground than it was low ground. They could see the enemy coming and take shelter in the buildings built high above the city.

Was the Acropolis built by slaves?

Athens and Rome were built on the backs of slaves and wouldn’t have functioned without them. … But the broken temple that crowns the Acropolis, one-time home of the Athena Parthenos cult statue, is primarily a glorification of Athenian imperialism.

Where did Greek slaves come from?

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.

Why is the Acropolis in ruins?

The most famous acropolis was in Athens. In 480 BC, the temples on top of the Acropolis were destroyed by the Persians. They were left in ruins as a war memorial. … The goddess Athena, the main patron deity of Athens, continued to be worshipped on the Acropolis, along with other gods and heroes.

Why did Thebes side with Persia?

When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. … As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.

Who destroyed the Acropolis?

the PersiansAnother monumental temple was built towards the end of the 6th century, and yet another was begun after the Athenian victory over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C. However, the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.).

What happened to the Acropolis?

In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis. To prevent further losses, the Athenians buried the remaining sculptures inside natural caves and built two new fortifications, one of the rock’s north side and one on its south.